Hall (1994) defines values as
‘ideals that give significance to our lives, that are reflected through the priorities we
choose, and that we act
on consistently and repeatedly’.Hall, B. (1994) Values Shift: A guide to personal
Rokeach (cited in Hall, 1994)
breaks up values into two
categories; terminal, as in end states; and instrumental, as in the means
to achieve those end states.
Examples of terminal values include peace, freedom and wisdom, while
instrumental values incldue
honesty, intelligence and responsibility.
(Bishop, A. EQ, Curriculum Corporation, Melb 2003)